To get started with the Orientation Programme please click each link that represents the relevant course material.

Tracing the history of the ideals of justice, equality, liberty, democracy, laws and rights, this module will give you an insight of the thinking of political legal philosophers who had initially defined the concept of human rights as political one. However, with continuous struggle of the people through out the ages to assert their personal /individual autonomy took them to liberate them selves from the clutches of authoritarian rules and paved for instituting democracies where their consent has become the sole basis for any ‘legitimate’ rule.

This course gives an overview of the various levels at which individuals or groups of persons who are aggrieved by violations of human rights can seek redress. The UN human rights system is complemented by three regional human rights systems, which have also established redress mechanisms at a regional level. The three lessons in this course, not only introduce you to redress mechanisms at the three levels, but also guide you in identifying the inter-relationship among the various mechanisms.
This module consists of three cases studies related to indivisibility of human rights, cultural relativism and economic, social and cultural rights. The objective of this module is to give you an opportunity to apply the knowledge and skills you have learned in the previous modules on those topics, to a given set of hypothetical facts/fact patterns. The three case studies provide three scenarios where you are expected to identify and analyse human rights violations, if any. You are expected to present an analysis of those fact patterns, based on your learning in the previous modules.

International Humanitarian Law plays a key role in protecting human rights of people. When IHL rules are violated the perpetrators are punished according to the domestic law of the State concerned. IHL is facing new challenges day by day due to the complexity of contemporary warfare. However, we can see new developments in this field of law those attempt to address such challenges and new modalities. War against terrorism and guerrilla warfare can be pointed out as examples of emerging issues.